Speech-language pathologists help people develop their communication abilities as well as treat speech, languages, swallowing, and voice disorders. Their services include prevention, identification, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation.

ASHA-certified speech-language pathologists and audiologists have completed their master’s or doctoral degree, have successfully passed the national examination, and have earned ASHA’s Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC).

Speech-Language pathologists and audiologists work in many different types of facilities such as:

* Public and private schools
* Colleges and universities
* Hospitals
* Private practices
* Rehabilitation centers
* State and local health departments
* Nursing care facilities
* State and federal government agencies
* Industry

In the School Setting:
Speech language pathologists (SLP’s) work with school children who have communication problems that affect success in

* Classroom activities
* Social interaction
* Literacy
* Learning

Good communication skills lead to successful:

* Speaking
* Thinking
* Reading
* Writing
* Learning

Poor communication skills lead to problems:

* Understanding classroom instruction
* Participating in classroom instruction
* Developing and maintaining relationships

SLP’s work with children who have a variety of disabilities

* Language
* Voice
* Fluency or stuttering
* Articulation

Language Disabilities Include:

* Slow development of vocabulary, concepts or grammar
* Inability to use different communication styles for different situations
* Poor building blocks of understanding/expressing ideas, social development, learning, reading, and writing

Voice Disorders

* Speech that is too high, low, or monotonous in pitch
* Interrupted by breaks
* Too loud or too soft
* Harsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasal

Fluency or Stuttering Problems

* Interruptions in flow or rhythm
* Can include hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations
* Can affect sounds, syllables, words, or phrases

Articulation Disorders

* Saying one sound for another (tup for cup)
* Omitting a sound in a word (no for snow)
* Distorting a sound (thow for sew)

Speech and Language Disorders Can Be Associated With:

* Hearing loss
* Cleft palate
* Cerebral palsy and other motor problems
* Learning disabilities
* Autism
* Developmental delays
* Traumatic Brain Injuries

SLP’s Work With Children In A Variety Of Ways

* Combine communication goals with academic and social goals
Help students understand and use basic language concepts
Support reading and writing
Increase students’ understanding of texts and lessons
* Services can vary depending on students’ needs
Monitoring or periodic screening
Collaborating and consulting
Classroom based services (Inclusion)
Small group or individual sessions
Speech classrooms
Home based services (birth to 5)